Bojnurd is the capital city of North Khorasan Province, about 700km. northeast of Tehran.
The ancient city was situated on a hill northwest of the present city of Bojnurd called Sareban Mehalleh, also known as Sarvan Mahaleh by local people.
The city is noted for its multicultural background. Many people speak at least 2 different languages including the Persian language ٫ Khorasani Turkic language, Tati language, Kurmanci Kurdish, and Turkmen. Intermarriage between the ethnic groups speaking these languages is common.
Bojnourd is also famous for its Turkmen horses and professional horse-training centres and, for this reason, attracts visitors interested in equestrianism from all over the world, thus enriching the city considerably with the revenue to be derived from such equestrian tourism.
The city contains many historical and natural attractions, such as mineral water springs, small lakes, recreational areas, caves, protected areas and assorted hiking areas. Most of the buildings of historic interest date from the Qajar era (1785-1925), as those dating from earlier periods, have suffered greater (cumulative) damage from the earthquakes to which the region is prone (see also List of earthquakes in Iran).