Naghsh-e Rajab is an archaeological site, located east of Istakhr ancient town and about 12 km north of Perspolis, in Fars province. Together with Naqsh-e Rostam, which lies less than a kilometer away, the site is part of the Marvdasht cultural complex, a tentative candidate for UNESCO world heritage status. here are four limestone rock inscriptions and bas-reliefs Naghsh-e Rajab which date to the early Sassanid era.
- 1. The investiture inscription of Ardeshir I (r. 226 – 241), the founder of Sassanid dynasty.
- 2. The investiture inscription of Ardeshir’s successor, Shapour 1 (r. 241 – 272).
- 3. Rock-face relief, known as ‘Shapur’s Parade’, showing Sassanid Shapur I (on horseback) with Philip the Arab and Emperor Valerian kneeling in surrender to the Persian king after defeating in 224AD.
- 4. The bas-relief and inscription attributed to Kartir, high priest under Shapur I and his sons Hormizd I(r. 272 – 273) and Bahram I(r. 273 – 276).