One of the oldest museums of Iran, founded in 1960, displaying a collection of prehistoric, historic and contemporary items and so some traditional artwork. The museum was established by Ali Hanibal and the cooperation of Abadan Refinery.
The museum building is inspired by Iranian traditional architecture. The museum has a dome with a height of 22.5m, inspired by the dome of St. Daniel’s tomb in Susa. It is built in one story and originally consisted of four halls for displaying archaeological and anthropological items and national arts. The conic dome is supported by eight main columns which join at the apex.
The museum currently consists of the main hall and two side galleries. The main hall is a permanent display of items found in Susa excavations (1st Mil. BC) and items from Safavid and Qajar eras. Some anthropological items and traditional artwork are also displayed in the same hall.
The side galleries are used as temporary exhibitions, library and conference room.
During Iran-Iraq war, the museum was closed for 8 years and then another 15 years for restoration. It was reopened in 2003.