The National Museum of Iran or the Archeological
Museum is an archeological and historical museum
located in Tehran. It preserves ancient Persian
Antiquities including pottery vessels, metal
objects, books, coins etc. It was inaugurated in
The museum consists of two buildings. Building
number one is dedicated to the pre-Islamic
collection, while Building number two consists of
The main entrance of building-1 of the museum is
built in the style of Persia's Sassanid vaults,
particularly the iwan of Ctesiphon.
Building number one consists of three halls. The
three halls contain artifacts from lower, middle,
and upper Paleolithic, as well as Neolithic,
Chalcolothic, early and late Bronze Ages, Iron Ages
I-III, through the Median, Achaemenid, Seleucid,
Parthian, and Sassanid ages.
The oldest artifacts in the museum are from Kashaf
Rud and Ganj Par sites that date back to Lower
Palaeolithic. There are also 9000 year old human and
animal figurines from Teppe Sarab in Kermanshah
Province among the many other ancient artifacts.
The building itself was designed by French architect
Andre Goddard in the early 20th century.
The post-Islamic part of the museum was inaugurated
in 1996 and consists of three floors as well. It
contains various pieces of pottery, textiles, texts,
artworks, astrolabes, and adobe calligraphy from
1400 years of Islamic history in Iran.
Many of the museum's permanent collections are
routinely loaned to other notable museums such as
the British Museum in London.
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