The oldest of the historic monuments in Tehran, the
Golestan Palace (Palace of Flowers) belongs to a
group of royal buildings that were once enclosed
within the mud-thatched walls of Tehran’s Historic
The Arg was built during the reign of Tahmasb I (r.
1524-1576) of the Safavid dynasty (1502-1736), and
was later renovated by Karim Khan Zand (r.
1750-1779). Agha Mohamd Khan Qajar (1742-1797) chose
Tehran as his capital. The Arg became the site of
the Qajar (1794-1925).Court and Golestan Palace
became the official residence of the royal family.
During the Pahlavi era (1925-1979) Golestan Palace
was used for formal royal receptions. The most
important ceremonies to be held in the Palace during
the Pahlavi era were the coronation of Reza Khan (r.
1925-1941) in Takht-e Marmar and the coronation of
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (r. 1941-deposed 1979) in the
In its present state, Golestan Palace is the result
of roughly 400 years construction and renovations.
The buildings at the contemporary location each have
a unique history.