Sassanid bridge in western Iran to be reinforced
A rehabilitation work has been conducted on parts of a long-dead historical arch bridge in Kuhdasht county, western Lorestan province, the provincial tourism chief has announced.
“Some of the pillars of the Sassanid-era (224 CE–651) Siah Pelleh Bridge are being strengthened as a part of the project,” Seyyed Amin Qasemi said on Saturday. The project also aims at repairing slices of the deck, the official added. The material and restoration methods of the project are “traditional” and the bridge is being restored according to international standards, he noted. The bridge, which is built over the Seymareh River, one of the largest rivers in western Iran, has been designated as a national heritage site. An arch bridge carries loads primarily by compression, which exerts on the foundation both vertical and horizontal forces. Arch foundations must therefore prevent both vertical settling and horizontal sliding. Despite the more complicated foundation design, the structure itself normally requires less material than a beam bridge of the same span. Arch bridges can be classified into deck arch bridges (featuring arches below the deck) and through arch bridges (those with arches above the deck, generally tied arches). In all arch bridges, the structural difficulty can be found in the minimization of the misalignment of the arch axis and the line of thrust, as well as a sufficient bending and buckling resistance. General design recommendations focus principally on the arch-to-span ratio, the arch and deck slenderness, and the number of hangers or piers. Recent innovative arch bridges include high-speed railway (HSR) bridges, concrete-filled steel tubular and precast concrete arches, high-performance concrete or ultra-high performance concrete arches, and steel-concrete composite arches, and feature innovative erection methods. Recent research has been dedicated to the shape and magnitude of equivalent geometric imperfections, fatigue detailing, erection methods, reduction of the arch’s self-weight, and new materials for arches, hangers, and ties. Lorestan, which is a region of raw beauty, was inhabited by Iranian Indo-European peoples, including the Medes, c. 1000 BC. Cimmerians and Scythians intermittently ruled the region from about 700 to 625 BC. The Luristan Bronzes noted for their eclectic array of Assyrian, Babylonian, and Iranian artistic motifs, date from this turbulent period. Lorestan was incorporated into the growing Achaemenid Empire in about 540 BC and successively was part of the Seleucid, Parthian, and Sassanid dynasties.